Article

Newman's life and times

Year

Age

Event

     
1801  

Cardinal Newman born February 21

Literary Context
1801 - Tennyson b.

Historical Context
1801 - Suppression of Irish Parliament; Act of Union between Great Britain and Ireland
1803 - Napoleonic Wars begin

1808 7

Goes to Ealing School

Literary Context
1814 - Wordsworth:The Excursion; Bryon: The Corsair; Scott: Waverley
1815 - Coleridge: Kubla Khan published

Historial Context
1815 - Battle of Waterloo; Corn Law; Congress of Vienna restores Papal States

1816 15 Converted to Evangelical Christianity
1817 16

Becomes an undergraduate at Trinity College, Oxford

Literary Context
1818 - Byron: Don Juan

1820 19

Achieves a B.A. Degree

Literary Context
1820 - Scott: Ivanhoe; Keats: Ode to a Nightingale
1821 - Keats d.: James Mill: Elements of Political Economy

Historical Context
1820 - Accession of George IV; Cato St conspiracy

1822 21

Elected to the Oriel fellowship

Literary Context
1822 - Shelley d.

1825 24 Becomes vice-principal of Alban Hall; takes Holy Orders
1826 25

Becomes tutor at Oriel

Literary Context
1827 - Keble: The Christian Year; William Blake d.

1828 27

Meets Hurrell Froude; becomes Vicar of St Mary's

Historical Context
1829 - Catholic Emancipation

1830 29

Newman and Froude deprived of Oriel tutorships

Literary Context
1830 - Hazlitt d.; Cobbett: Rural Rides

Historical Context
1830 - July Revolution; Accession of William IV

1832 31

Tour of Southern Europe

Literary Context
1833 - Walter Scott d.

Historical Context
1832 - Reform Act

1833 32

Returns to England; Arians of the Fourth Century; Tracts for the Times begins

Literary Context
1833 - Carlyle: Sartor Resartus

Historical Context
1833 - Keble Assize sermon; Factory Act

1834 33

Parochial and Plain sermons (1834-42)

Historical Context
1834 - New Poor Law; Parliament burns down

1837 36

Prophetical Office of the Church

Literary Context
1837 - Hurrell Froude: Literary Remains

Historical Context
1837 - Accession of Queen Victoria

1838 37

Appointed editor of The British Critic; Lectures on Justification

Literary Context
1839 - Darwin: Voyage of the Beagle

Historical Context
1838 - Rise of Chartism
1839 - Bedchamber plot; Birmingham riots; Penny postage Act

1841 40

Tract xc; condemned by University authorities

Historical Context
1841 - Robert Peel becomes Prime Minister

1842 41

Newman withdraws to Littlemore

Historical Context
1842 - Chartist riots; Lord Ashley's Act protecting women and children in mines

1843 42

Retracts anti-Roman statements; resigns from St Mary's; Oxford University Sermons

Literary Context
1843 - Carlyle: Past and Present; J.S. Mill: System of Logic
1844 - Disraeli: Coningsby

1845 44

Received into the Catholic Church; Essay on the Development of Christian Doctrine

Historical Context
1845 - Maynooth grant

1846 45

Leaves Oxford

Literary Context
1846 - Edward Lear: Book of Nonsense

Historical Context
1846 - Repeal of Corn Laws, Election of Pius IX

1847 46

Created D.D. and Ordained Priest, in Rome

Literary Context
1847 - Charlotte Bronte: Jane Eyre, Thackeray: Vanity Fair; Emily Bronte: Wuthering Heights

1848 47

Founds Birmingham Oratory; Loss and Gain

Literary Context
1848 - Dickens: Dombey and Son; Kingsley: Yeast; Mrs Gaskell: Mary Barton

Historical Context
1848 - Gorham judgement; European revolutions

1850 49

Difficulties of Anglicans 1851 50 Present Position of Catholics; Rector of Catholic University of Ireland

Literary Context
1850 - Dickens: David Copperfield; Tennyson: In Memoriam
1851 - Ruskin: Stones of Venice

Historical Context
1850 - Restoration of Catholic Hierarchy in England causes anti-Catholic sentiment
1851 - Ecclesiastical titles Act forbidding Catholic use of names of existing dioceses

1852 51

First Part of Idea of a University

Newman spends some weeks recuperating at Abbotsford, Robert Hope-Scott's home in the Scottish Borders

1853 52

Unjustly found guilty of libelling Giacinto Achilli

Literary Context
1853 - Matthew Arnold: The Scholar Gipsy
1854 - Dickens: Hard Times
1855 - Trollope: The Warden

Historical Context
1853 - Crimean War begins (ends '56)
1855 - Daily Telegraph founded

1856 55 Calista
1857 56

Invited by Wiseman to undertake new Bible translation

Literary Context
1857 - George Eliot: Scenes of clerical life

Historical Context
1857 - Indian Mutiny

1858 57

Translation project fails for lack of support. Final return from Ireland

Historical Context
1858 - India transferred to Crown; Jews admitted to Parliament

1859 58

'Consulting the faithful on matters of doctrine'; accusations of unorthodoxy

Literary Context
1859 - Darwin: Origin of species; J.S.Mill: On Liberty
1860 - Wilkie Collins: Woman in White; Dickens: Great Expectations; Ruskin: Unto this last Essays and Reviews
1863 - Kingsley: Water Babies

Historical Context
1860 - Unification of Italy; loss of most Papal States; discovery of the source of the Nile

1864 63

Apologia pro Vita Sua

Literary Context
1864 - Tolstoi: War and Peace; Trollope: Small House at Allington

Historical Context
1864 - Pius IX: Syllabus of Errors

1865 64

Dreams of Gerontius

Literary Context
1864 - Tolstoi: War and Peace; Trollope: Small House at Allington
1865 - Lewis Carroll: Alice in Wonderland; Rudyard Kipling b.; W.B. Yeats b.
1866 - Kingsley: Hereward the Wake; Dostoyevsky: Crime and Punishment
1867 - Marx: Das Kapital, Vol 1
1869 - Matthew Arnold: Culture and Anarchy; J.S. Mill: On the Subjection of Women

Historical Context
1864 - Pius IX: Syllabus of Errors
1865 - Assassination of Abraham Lincoln
1866 - Treaty of Vienna; invention of Dynamite
1867 - Marx: Das Kapital, Vol 1
1869 - Foundation of Girton College, Cambridge; Abolition of debtors prisons

1870 69

Essay in aid of a Grammar of Assent

Literary Context
1870 - Death of Charles Dickens; Disraeli: Lothair
1874 - G.K. Chesteron b.

Historical Context
1870 - Vatican Council, Pius IX 'Prisoner of the Vatican', Franco-Prussian War

1872 71 Summer 1872: Newman at Abbotsford, his influence leading to many conversions and the construction of new churches
1875 74

Letter to the Duke of Norfolk

Literary Context
1875 - Kingsley d.

Historical Context
1875 - Purchase of Suez Canal

1877 76

Age 76 - Elected to honorary fellowship of Trinity College, Oxford

Literary Context
1877 - Henry James: The American
1878 - Thomas Hardy: The Return of the Native

Historical Context
1878 - Election of Leo XIII

1879 78

Age 78 - Receives Cardinal's Hat from Pope Leo XIII

Literary Context
1879 - Ibsen: A Doll's House
1880 - George Eliot d.; Lytton Strachey b.
1881 - Thomas Carlyle d.

Historical Context
1879 - Trotsky and Stalin b.; British Zulu War

1890 89

Dies in Birmingham, August 11

Literary Context
1890 - Oscar Wilde: The Picture of Dorian Gray

Historical Context
1890 - Charles De Gaulle b.; First Electric power station; Forth Bridge opened

Cardinal Newman